When it comes to durable fabrics, most people have heard of acrylic and polyester, but have you heard of olefin? Olefin fabrics are taking patio furniture by storm because of their strength and durability. Olefin can sometimes have a wool-like feel, but also is used to make flat woven fabrics and velvets. In today’s Fabric Feature, we’re going to take a closer look at olefin, the great fiber behind Geobella Fabrics.
How Olefin is Made
Olefin is a synthetic (man made) fabric that is derived from ethylene and propylene. It was first developed in Italy in 1957. Olefin is manufactured by melting the chemicals and feeding them through a spinneret (a large shower-head like device) to form long fibers. Olefin is difficult to dye once it has been formed, so it is usually solution-dyed with the colors being added directly to the polymers before or during melting.
The production of olefin is very environmentally friendly. The production process results in very little by-product, meaning that it creates nearly no waste. Also, the fiber itself is recyclable and can be re-extruded up to 10 times.
Why Olefin is Great
- Wicks moisture and dries quickly
- Resists fading, mildew, chemicals, and insects
- Highly stain resistant
- Good abrasion resistance
- Easy to clean
Drawbacks to Olefin
Olefin is very heat sensitive and the fabric can break down and melt in extremely high temperatures. This isn’t a problem for day-to-day use, but does mean it requires a little extra care when cleaning. After washing olefin fabrics they should be line dried or tumble-dried with gentle or no heat. Also, in general, avoid ironing olefin. If you must iron, use the lowest temperature setting available.
Olefin as a basic fabric also is sensitive to sunlight. However, most olefin fabrics that are manufactured for outdoor purposes have stabilizers added to counteract this problem.
Uses for Olefin Fabrics
Olefin fabrics are versatile for a variety of applications. They are used in automotive interiors; home furnishings such as patio cushions, upholstery, and wall coverings; and industrial uses like disposable non-woven fabrics, filter fabrics, bags, and geotextiles.
At Sailrite, we carry Phifer’s line of Geobella Outdoor Cushion Fabrics. We recommend Geobella for outdoor patio use and for indoor furniture that will receive heavy wear.
See our full line of stylish Geobella Fabrics at www.sailrite.com.